Vizag also called as Visakhapatnam, shortened and anglicized Visakha/Vizag or Vasaka is a major port and the second largest city in the state of Andhra Pradesh and the third largest city on the east coast of India after Kolkata and Chennai, with a population of approximately 1.3 million. The city is nestled among the hills of the Eastern Ghats and faces the Bay of Bengal to the east. It is the administrative headquarters of Visakhapatnam district and is also home to the Eastern Naval Command of the Indian Navy. Visakhapatnam is often referred to as The Jewel of The East Coaster The City of Destiny. Vizag is sometimes referred to as the "Goa of the East Coast." Just like its west coast counterpart, it has beautiful virgin beaches, late-rite hillocks, smooth roads and stunning landscape. Health-tourism is a fast developing industry. Visakhapatnam is variously referred to as Jewel on the Coramandel Coast or Steel city.
Visakhapatnam (Vizag) is second largest city in Andhra Pradesh with an area of 550 km². It is primarily an industrial city, apart from being a port city. It is also home to the Eastern Naval Command. Visakhapatnam has seen rapid development in the past decade.
The Visakhapatnam Urban Development Authority (VUDA) will get a new master plan consequent to the increase in its purview from 170 km² to 550 km². The earlier master plan was approved by the government in 2006. VUDA’s jurisdiction has been expanded in mid-2008.
The city sometimes goes by its now mostly defunct colonial British name, Waltair. During the colonial era, the city's hub was the Waltair railway station, and that part of the city is still called Waltair. It is sometimes referred to as the "City of Destiny".
Visakhapatnam is home to several state-owned heavy industries, one of the most advanced steel plants and has one of the country's largest ports and its oldest shipyard. It has the only natural harbor on the eastern coast of India.
Visakhapatnam Railway Station is a major railway station located in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India. The railway station is under the control of East Coast Railway of Indian Railways. It stands on the Howrah-Chennai main line, though the mainline bypasses the Central Station. Consequently a suburban halt on the mainline near Vizag Steel Plant, known as Duvvada, is being developed into a major station to improve services for the city .
Railway connectivity is available to Visakhapatnam from different major Railway Stations
The Visakhapatnam Airport is christened on the name of the first Women Prime Minister of India – Smt. Indira Gandhi. The Airport is a Domestic Airport and caters to short to medium air travels within India. The Airport is about 12 Kms from city. The airport operates from 8 am to 8 pm on all days.
Vizag offers its tourists a number of places that are spectacular in their beauty, for example it has an abundance of beaches along with important historical relics and monuments that date back to antiquity. These are maintained well by the Andhra Government.
The Historic Temple at the Simhachalam, built in the 11th Century, where the Lord Varaha Narasimha Swami's temple is located, resembles the rich cultural heritage Visakhapatnam holds. Located on the Hill top, at a height of 244 mts, popularly called the Hill of the Lion Lord, is the temple of Lord Vishnu in the avatara of Sri Narasimha Swami varu. This great temple built in the 11th century by the King Sri Krishnadevarayam, is one of its kind in the country. Inscriptions on the temple date back to 1098 AD.Millions of devotees from round the world visit this temple every year especially during the Chandanotsavam Festival Season. On the annual ritual Chandanotsavam day, the Lord is covered with a new fresh layer of Sandalwood.
History says that Prahlada - a devotee of Lord Vishnu was being tortoured by his father. Lord Vishnu in the avatara of Lord Nrusimha kills Prahlada's father and saves the child.Dharmapuri Sheshachari wrote the Narasimha Satakam - a collection of poems on the Lord.
Kailasagiri is one of the prominent hill top parks with panoramic sea view on the East Coast. The divine view from the hilltop accompanies devotional overtones as the Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvathi sits ever so peacefully as if at the Manasa Sarovar in the great Himalayas. One can view the entire city of Visakhapatnam from the top of this Eco-Rich hill. Located on a picturesque hill with enchanting panoramic sea view, Kailasagiri is really an outstanding tourist spots in Andhra Pradesh. It is the Queen among the tourist locations in the City of Destiny.
Araku Valley is a famous hill station situated at a distance of 110 Kms from Vizag & 680 Kms from Hyderabad and often referred to as Andhra Ooty.
Located on the Eastern Ghats at an altitude range of 900 to 1400 meters above sea level, Araku is home to a number of tribal communities. Spread over an area of 36 sq. kms, Araku is a perfect tourist destination with pleasant climate, lush greenery, waterfalls and streams. The tribal habitat museum and the tribal village are the major attractions here. The tourists can see tribal folk dances like Dhimsa and Mayuri. The Araku Tribal Museum houses rich tribal tradition and number of artifacts and displays related to Eastern Ghat Tribal Culture. Araku is famous for the mustard flowers that change the landscape of the valley from green to yellow in the months of November & December.
Borra Caves are located at a distance of 92 Km north of Visakhapatnam. The caves open with 100 meter on horizontal plane and aobut 75 meters on vertical plane. These caves spread over an area of one square KM and the origin of river Gosthani which flows through the district. This you must see if you are in Aruku Valley or in Visakhaptanam. This location is at a height of 800 to 1300 meters from MSL. William King the British geologist discovered this million years old cave in the year 1807..
The Dolphin’s Nose is a huge rock land resembling the shape of a dolphin’s nose, and an eye-catching attraction in Visakhapatnam. The headland is 174 meters high and at an altitude of 358 meters, projecting into the sea. A renowned powerful light house is positioned on the summit of the hill and guides the approaching ships to Visakhapatnam. The light house is useful for shippers as it gives out a light beam that could be seen as far as 65kms out at sea and flashes every 10 seconds. Other attractions on the hill and nearby are the Ross Hill, the highest peak of this place which also has a church named St John’s Church, Dargah Konda hill, which has a mosque cum dargah named Ishq Madina, and Venkateshwara Konda hill, which has a temple of Lord Venkateshwara.
Dotting the east coast, the beaches of Vizag lay spread over the choppy waters of Bay Of Bengal. Here you can immerse yourself in the serenity, enjoy a sunset with a cup of coffee and quietly re vitalize your body and mind. The beaches here in Vizag are unsurpassed in the Coromandal Coast, offering everything from social to secluded, from modest to Buzzing and different beach spot are there in visakhapatnam like RK Beach, Rushikonda Beach, Bheemunipatnam beach and Yarada Beach etc.....